The universe of Problem Sleuth is just lousy with science! This phrase could serve to suggest either it is "chock full of science", or that it is "terribly inaccurate with science", depending on your perspective!
Usually the laws of physics in this universe cause readers to shrug and say, "Ok, if you say so!" and click the next page. But sometimes people will say, "Hey wait a minute! That's not quite how things work!" Or they will shout, "Hey I don't quite understand this! Can we talk about this for a while!"
The answer to that last enthusiastically-posed question is yes!
I will explore some of the major technical issues here. While we should all be aware that the most fundamental answer to these questions is, "It's just a cartoon, guys! Relax!" I think it is also fun at times to strap on our science mortarboards and pretend all these concepts SIMPLY MUST hold up to the rigors of scrutiny.
When GPI elongated the fan's power cord to sew the universe together, it stretched across the the entire universe, a span of about 18 billion light-years. Thus when power was finally supplied to the outlet, the electricity had to travel all the way across the universe, and back, to reach the fan for a total of 36 billion light-years. Consequently, we were told the fan would not receive power until AT LEAST 36 billion years had passed.
There were some who didn't think the flow of electricity worked this way. There were many varying accounts, but the crux of most of the objections had to do with a few assumptions some people had, that A) flow of electricity has nothing to do with the speed of light, or B) electricity should reach its destination "instantaneously", and there should be no delay.
Without getting too bogged down in the science of electric current, I will just state one fact that should clear this up.
Nothing can travel faster than light! Ever. Not space ships, not electricity, not even prayers whispered to your guardian angel. So no matter what, 36 billion years is the minimum duration for that trip.
But the trip could take longer. I think also some people thought I was implying it would take exactly that long, suggesting electricity travels at the speed of light. This isn't really what I was implying. I was just glossing over the concept of electrical propagation speed for the sake of salvaging some simplicity. More realistically I would guess current would travel through the cord somewhere between 70% and 90% of the speed of light, making the total trip more like 45 billion years.
Thinking about it intuitively, this is how the flow electric current works. Electrons themselves are not traveling through the cord that fast. In fact, they remain relatively still. But they "bump" into their neighbors in response to the voltage introduced when the switch is flipped. This "bump" is communicated by the electromagnetic force each electron emits. This force travels at the speed of light. In fact, it is light! (light is the visible frequencies of electromagnetic radiation) So the current can only reach the other end once all these little "electron bumps" have been chained together, like a row of dominoes, which can happen no faster than the rate at which electrons communicate with each other, which is the speed of light.
But that doesn't mean that what is happening is actually realistic! In truth, a cord that long would have such a high electrical resistance, this would diminish the current to virtually nothing. (Current = Voltage / Resistance) The current in fact is never even getting out the front door. You would get the same result by plugging in a tree stump or something.
This is an instance where the "It's just a cartoon!" answer comes into play.
I'll keep this short. If you haven't already, you should read about the Large Hadron Collider, and maybe brush up on the Standard Model of particle physics. They are looking for the Higgs Bonehead. I mean Higgs Boson. They haven't found it yet.
The question certainly has merit, since the way they divide, this would seem to put an exceptional density of PIs toward the middle of the lifespan of the universe, while the PIs gradually thin out toward the endpoints of history. At the beginning and end of the universe, there would only be one instance of each PI.
So the answer is, yes, the universe is increasing in mass, until it reaches the midpoint, and then it starts decreasing symmetrically.
This is apparently one respect in which the PS universe differs from ours!
Whenever any mass is compressed to fit within its Schwarzschild radius, it becomes a black hole. Probably the only thing about this that's somewhat realistic is that I did some calculations on what MK's approximate Schwarzschild radius was for a given mass, and used that to determine at what point he'd become a black hole.
This is a rough approximation of how gravitational time dilation works. I bent the rules a bit for dramatic effect. Here's a decent, somewhat intuitive primer on how gravitational time dilation works. But the bottom line is this: near the event horizon, clocks run slow compared to clocks further away. Of course, it is a bit more complicated than this in reality. For instance, a clock near the event horizon would not actually "see" the other clock running faster. It's only when you finally bring the two clocks together would you be able to measure the difference.
But in the PS universe, someone near an event horizon will see time speed up in the rest of the universe. That's just how it works in this story. It's more fun that way!
Quick recap: When PS finished his final SEPULCHRITUDE attack, he fell near the event horizon of the ultra massive black hole. He, like NB before, saw every event in the future unfold in the blink of an eye, which included the electricity finally reaching the fan. When this happened, the fan turned on, it blew the bust off the mecha legs, and it fell into the sudocube maze. PI then guided it through the maze by flipping the universe around a lot with the ship's wheel.
It all sounds perfectly reasonable, right? Well, no, not if you consider PI probably died 36 billion years ago!!!
This is a very logical objection, and certainly could be considered a weird plot hole, if it is indeed true that 36 billion years passed equally for everyone and everything not near the event horizon. But this isn't really what I was intending.
By this point, the black hole is now ridiculously "ultra massive". It's time dilation effects spread far beyond its event horizon, modifying the passing of time for locally surrounding objects, such as the fan, the bust, the cube, the ship, and PI. The time distortion (slow-down) just isn't nearly as severe as it is on the event horizon.
Also keep in mind that I'd imagined the fan cord stitching the universe to be very far away in the background. Think of the background as a long arc, like the interior of a half-sphere, which is 18 billion light-years in diameter. That means the fan cord is 9 billion light-years away, well out of reach of the time dilation effects.
So imagine three frames of reference, occupied by:
PS : PI : Fan cord
The following approximate times passing in those frames would be equivalent to each other:
nanoseconds = minutes = 36 billion years
Or, looking at this diagram of the universe when seen from above:
You can see there are strata of time distortions radiating from the black hole, with time becoming progressively less slowed down going outward. Or at least that is the way I say it is! Should I have explained all this in the story when it was happening? I guess it would have made it more clear exactly what was going on, if you were one of those who thought "Hey, wouldn't PI have been long dead by then??" But I don't know, I think explaining all that might have been a bit of a wet blanket. After all, by that point the reader has already slogged through 1500 pages of my BS! Best to let it slide, and explain it here.
Besides, it wouldn't be much fun if PS just watched PI died of old age, and that was it! (Ok, I guess that might have been kind of funny, in a way.)
Oh, there's even more stuff to think about:
When PS got near the event horizon, the story seems to suggest this by itself "triggered" these events, sending electricity through the cord and such. I.e. him witnessing it from his frame of reference is sort of what "made it happen".
That's a way of looking at it I guess. But when NB fell into the black hole earlier, and the same thing happened, her witnessing all future events did not trigger the same consequence! She certainly must have seen the fan turn on and all that, because it happened in the future. Yet her seeing it did not "make it happen". Why?
The answer is two-fold: 1) Problem Sleuth is the hero of the story! And 2) maybe more importantly, when NB went in, the black hole was much smaller then! There were no radiating layers of time distortion as in the above diagram. Those are the layers of slowed time which "hold in place" those moments, allowing them to respond to the consequences of the electricity reaching the fan. With NB, the black hole was not that big yet, so all that stuff couldn't "happen" yet!
You know you're dealing with an abstract topic when you find yourself putting the word "happen" in quotation marks. Really, this is hard stuff to think about.
And it gets harder.
What may be the biggest paradox is yet to come. As PS watches all future events unfold, it is logically true that this is because for the entire duration of the universe, that black hole will be there, and so will PS, stuck on its event horizon in a perma-slowed state watching it all happen in superfast-motion. But when the black hole is finally destroyed (IF it is destroyed!) then this too will be an event that takes place in the future. This is something that PS should have witnessed, and in fact it should cause him to stop experiencing the time distortion altogether. The same is true for NB and HD! In fact, none of them should ever even cross through the event horizon. They should all get stuck there for a little while, watching future events, until the black hole is destroyed (IF it is!).
But this is just one of those paradoxes we will ignore and chalk up to the Cartoon Gods of Whimsy and Horseplay. It's a lot more fun when we all just sit back and chill the fuck out!
It makes it seem as though the stars in the backdrop are all getting scrunched together by the gravitational pull of the black hole. This is logical, and is a fine interpretation. But I feel what's going on is a little more abstract than that. For one thing, as I established above, those stars are awfully far away! Maybe too far to be pulled together like that.
By "relativistically shortened span" I guess I'm in a way referring to the concept of length contraction in Special Relativity. That is, the faster you go, the more squashed you appear to observers in the direction of the motion. This is because the speed of light is always constant, no matter where you are, or how fast you or anyone else is going. So if it takes a beam of light 1 second to travel from the back of a box to the front of a box, then if that box is moving, then that box has to be a little narrower for that same beam of light to reach the front of the box in one second!
Same with time, regarding the "relativistically accelerated eye". If you are using light pulses with mirrors in that box to measure, say, 1 second, and the light pulses are taking longer and longer to mark the second the faster the box goes, then I guess time itself for the box is slowing down! It can't be the speed of light slowing down, because we know that never changes!
So that's closer to what I meant by that. From the perspective of the event horizon, the dimensions and pace of the universe itself have reconfigured themselves (squashed, hastened) to accommodate the speed of light so it may still appear to move at a constant rate through the cord to all observers. The speed of light is the one unchanging meter stick in the universe, and everything else, time, space, are highly variable and will always bend so that the meter stick reads true.
Actually if I were being totally literal with this, I would have squashed the backdrop universe to the thickness of a hair. But I didn't want to get that carried away with it. Furthermore, I'm not suggesting this is literally what one observes near a black hole. Again, we keep in mind that we are discussing science, juxtaposed with a tale about detectives armed with key-guns who turn into candy monsters. As I said to someone, I'm sort of functioning like an expressionist painter who uses the laws of physics rather than colors.
Anyway, I think this is a pretty good way of understanding relativity, for me at least.
Not that it's particularly relevant, but remember I'm not actually working on the next update in the meantime. I wrote all this stuff almost a year ago. Just spacing out the content while I get more stuff done. Feels odd to be pulling content off a dusty shelf like this instead of making it all on the fly at breakneck speed, with my keen finger GLUED to the PULSE of the fandom and "the cyber zeitgeist". So if you read a joke and go, pff, that was SO last year, that's why. But really, the joke is on you, because cracking wise about DeviantArt weeaboo culture I believe was en vogue in 2007, so in summary, eat it nerds. Actually it's amazing how DA still seems to be running about as strong as ever on that front. It will be our cultural touchstone for crude anime while we are all being lowered into our sad lonely graves.
Ok, I lost track of what I was actually talking about, so see you next week.
Meant to put this here sooner along with the updates, but still been tweaking some server stuff. Caliborn's self insert guy is a nod to some classic fan art from 4 years ago, which to my memory was the first speculative drawing of LE before he was introduced. (Actually I guess two people made it? Didn't know, but thanks to both of them for the inspiration.) Also definitely wanna point out I'm not making fun of that art, which I think is a good drawing. I do remember once upon a time thinking it was pretty funny to imagine LE as a cool anime guy though. So maybe that idea stuck with me all these years and led to the inspiration for this ridiculous arc? Who knows how inspiration really works. Anyway it's all in good fun, and I still sometimes try to do the "reader input influencing story outcomes" in little ways like this to keep that part of MSPA alive, even long after the fanbase got too big to do it directly through commands.
Or maybe, since Halloween is coming up, I should call it The Itinerscary. Especially because we may be in store for some spoooooky server crashes with these first few update dumps. Eep, I'm gettin the willies here!
One page today to test the waters (or uh, yesterday). When that's done and the coast is clear (it won't be), I'll post a bunch of pages on the 17th and 18th (oops, now the 18th and 19th). Then there will be nothing until 10/25. And then nothing until 11/1, at which point regular updates will begin again, according to an update schedule which I will share with you on that day. Then you will know which precise pattern of dates you will need to handcuff yourself to a computer and plug in your custom keyboard that only has a single giant F5 key.
It would seem against my better judgment, or really my ability to control in any way whatsoever, a fair amount of hype has been brewing for the return of Homestuck. People are jacked up. They are doing little dances in places they cannot be seen. They are writhing in kiddie pools of pins and needles for the return of all their favorite fantasy children. "John." "Karkat." And more. So it's hard to avoid finding it just a LITTLE funny that after a year-long drought, hopping back in the saddle means we will have to wade through 50 pages of completely atrocious garbage before anything happens. It's funny how life works out sometimes. Funnier than a clown tickling a horse. Sometimes you pause your famous webcomic for a year, and then your grand reopening is a lot of bad anime. On such occasions, when life hands you those kooky lemons, there is really only one thing you can say.
Let's see if I can "tldr" a few things up top, since this news item might begin to nose dive dramatically through the vertical space of this web layout. Am I finished HS yet? Um, nope. But I think enough is probably enough on the site's indefinite period of hibernation, so it's likely I will just start posting some stuff I have anyway, starting next month. Either mid or late October, let's say.
I said it would be a long pause, didn't I? Let's face it, a gigapause is just one big ass pause. It contains the smaller word "giga", which, in addition to literally meaning "one billion", you will find to be the root of the word "gigantic", which as we all know, means super huge. This intriguing fact reminds us that in our culture of words, we hold the number one billion as the indivisible quantum of general bigness, as a matter of principal. Food for thought!
We're coming up on almost a year since I paused. So that means I got like, SO much done on the story, right? Wow, no. Innumerable unspecified problems happened which badly prevented this from being true. I'd estimate out of those 12 months, I maybe squeezed in a grand total of 3 months worth of work on HS in there. Kinda dribbled across the year in the most frustrating way possible. So, I'm just gonna cry uncle on this dogshit pause and start posting stuff, but probably in a regimented way so I don't blow through everything I have too fast, thus giving me some time to work on the rest.
Back at the onset of the pause, I said I'd just post everything at once. (I was oversimplifying. I had always intended to stagger the final content to whatever extent, so as not to destroy the server.) But also that "post everything at once" idea was predicated on actually sorta... having it all done. Which as I have already culpa'd, is not the case. So I'm improvising at this point. I'll (probably) relaunch the story next month, come up with some kind of update schedule, and we'll see how it goes.
What have I been doing all year? Let's chalk it up to, in this order of relevance, a swirling multitude of Daunting Life Challenges, a flurry of accidental weird adventures causing me to thrash wildly across the nation, and the escalating complexities of running a business while tending to peripheral creative projects, not the least of which has been overseeing the development of an expensive video game. Actually, all things considered, I'm surprised at how much I actually HAVE gotten done this year. It just happens that "making a ton of HS pages" isn't one of those things.
What were the problems? What were the adventures? Sorry, nothing to see here. Me and the General Public just aren't that tight, and wild sob stories ain't my bag (unless they pertain to visits to the Olive Garden). Well, maybe I'll mention some things some day. But definitely nowhere in the proximity of a virtual stage adjacent to the sphere of rhetoric which could conceivably be construed as a series of excuses for why a mammoth load of free entertainment hasn't been finished yet. Did you follow that? Look over there. (When you look back at me, I am slowly rolling into a pile of trash.)
The good news is, I'm still all about horses. Did you know that about me? It's true as shit. Horses; wow. Pretty good weird big animals? Or pretty GREAT weird big animals??
What else should I say here. Oh.
We've also been chipping away at upgrading the server over the last year. It's been surprisingly complicated and slow-going. Actually, prior to the pause, it was one of the most difficult things about updating, having an insufficient server that was GUARANTEED to crash every time I posted something. This was even after many, many upgrades over the years. It gets a little demoralizing trying to make tons of cartoons every day for a small nation of lunatics when the server constantly struggles to keep up with the ever-burgeoning readership, no matter how much I upgraded it. This was one of the (lots of) factors which contributed to me finally just saying, fuck it, time to pause.
Hopefully it can handle it now, but guess we'll see. It all runs on fancy clouds and such now. Which has been tricky to configure for such a complicated site utterly dependent on all the garbage ass-backwards code I've written over the years. Maybe... maybe once I start updating again, nobody will notice?? Man, wouldn't that be sweet. It will just be me and like a cozy little clique of 50 randos and 10 web bots, just like the old days. We'll bring this sucker home together, then hit up the local bargain Italian restaurant to celebrate. (Then a horse nuzzles me out of my sleepy dream fantasy, and the hammock flips over and dumps my screaming body on to the lawn.)
Feels a little odd even TALKING about revving up this monstrosity again. It's been pretty serene on the web these days. I've been reluctant to even drop a pebble into the pristine glass-like state of the fandom, before being good and damn well ready to. Why wake the beast prematurely? We'll enjoy more than our share of blistering pandemonium when all is said and done. We are slowly building to a particular moment I foresee on the horizon. It's not just characterized by the end of the story, though that should be a factor. It's more than that. Things I have planned, and some other things we'll say may be fortuitously aligned. Invisible pieces of a heinous machine all snapping together, mechanically congealing with a grim sense of purpose. I'm tentatively branding to this moment as The Rapture, and it will be more than you can bear. More than anyone can. And everyone won't.
Happy 4/13, a.k.a. 5 years of Homestuck being a thing! Since I know how much you like things, to celebrate I thought I would show you another thing that's been in the works for a while.
It's a new webcomic based on Homestuck, called Paradox Space! Have a look. That is all I will say about it here. But if you would like to know what the heck this ACTUALLY IS, here is a permalink to the news post where I talk about such matters.